Chemical group Solvay and Holst Centre have demonstrated high efficiency flexible Organic Light Emitting Diodes (OLED) lighting tiles with a surface area of 69cm2. These large-area demonstrators contain several layers deposited by solution processing at Holst Centre and additional layers applied by conventional vacuum deposition at Solvay.
OLEDs are a new lighting technology enabling flat diffuse lighting sources, and are complementary to inorganic LEDs, which are by nature well suited as spotlights. Current OLED devices are made at pilot scale by depositing many layers on glass by vacuum process. Solvay and Holst Centre were able to deposit several layers of the OLED by solution processing, which brings the use of printing technologies to produce OLEDs closer.
Use of printing technologies on flexible substrates will enable large scale manufacturing of OLEDs for general lighting applications, and will bring some additional features: thin, flexible, and potentially transparent light sources that could be integrated in ceiling, walls and windows.
The highly efficient flexible OLED stack was designed and optimized at Solvay. It is based almost entirely on organic functional materials developed at Solvay and integrates Plexcore© OC Hole Injector Layer (HIL) from Plextronics, Inc. The demonstrators include Holst Centre's own thin-film encapsulation and large-area transparent anode technologies on plastic substrates from DuPont Teijin Films.
These large-area, flexible, white OLEDs have been characterized at Philips Research Laboratories and found to have an energy efficiency of 30 lm/W at 1000 cd/m2, which is 2 to 3 times higher than common incandescent bulbs.
This measured value is on par with results measured on small (7 mm2) equivalent devices made at Solvay on glass substrates, indicating that the device architecture and the unique materials set used in these demonstrators translate very well from small scale, rigid substrates to large area, flexible plastic substrates.
Capitalizing on these exciting results, the partners are already working on a second generation of demonstrators encompassing more solution-processed layers. This achievement clearly demonstrates the potential for high efficacy OLEDs on flexible plastic foils, opening ways to a production of low-cost, solution-processed OLED lighting tiles.
See the flexibility in action: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LhAMCnEoGtI
Main Image: 69 cm² thin film encapsulated flexible OLED
For more see: www.holstcentre.com
Also attend: Printed Electronics Europe 2012 .