A wide variety of conventional and new printing technologies are being used or tested for the printing of electronic circuits of various types. However, the varied nature of the inks available to create such circuits and the diversity of circuits required means that no one printing technology will ever be used for all applications. Indeed, the evolution of new conducting, semiconducting, dielectric, battery and other inks with new physical characteristics means that the printing technologies chosen or adapted will be constantly changing for some time to come. Our starting point is that the photolithography used for silicon chips and printed circuit boards is relatively expensive and inappropriate for reel to reel production without vacuum processes or pollutants such as lead, arsenic, fluorene and bromine.
In this article we look at the relevance of raised printing processes by comparing them in the table below.
For more information, read Printed Electronics and RFID Forecasts, Players & Opportunities 2005-2015 by IDTechEx.