With joint efforts the federal government and the German economy is going to develop Germany into an international driving market for e-mobility. The objective is to have one million electric vehicles and a further 500,000 fuel cell powered vehicles operating on Germany's roads by 2020. Germany already has PC-Aero electric aircraft and industrial EVs from Linde and Jungheinrich.
The first e-mobility summit in Berlin was in agreement: One century after its invention it is time to re-invent the car. The power train plays the major role - besides several technical innovations.
During the meeting of players from research and politics it became clear, that it is more then only a new form of power train. It is about intelligent, coordinated and linked innovations - starting from the power train to a reliable infrastructure (charging stations) to well educated specialists, who know how to deal with this challenging technology.
Germany has a "very, very good basis" to achieve an international leading position in this field, according to federal chancellor Angela Merkel. Economy and politics stay together in a "co-operational responsibility" to reach this target. The federal government is keen on establishing appropriate general conditions for this future sector.
So this fund includes a total of 500 million Euros for Electric Mobility in the period from 2009 to 2011 to support e-mobility. One program is "Electric Mobility in Pilot Regions". For this, the federal government provides financial assistance totalling 115 million Euros for eight cities and regions. In the individual projects, research is conducted into the everyday use of electric vehicles in private transport and local commercial transport, including the requirements to be met by the charging infrastructure. Activities focus on system trials, user friendliness, environmental impact and the general framework.
"Electric Mobility in Pilot Regions"
This is a funding priority of the Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Development, and provides a total of 115 million Euros to 8 pilot projects. Players from academia, industry and the local authorities involved are cooperating closely in these pilot projects in order to drive the development of an infrastructure and to ensure that electric mobility is firmly embedded in the public space.
By the end of 2011, the four aspects: EV, regional infrastructure, business model and intermodal mobility concepts will be realized in the region Stuttgart for market pre-arrangements. Up to 1,000 EVs will be tested by private, public and commercial users and analyzed regarding to wide spread commercial launch.
One of the cooperation partners is EnBW. With approximately six million customers and some 20,000 employees, EnBW Energie Baden-Württemberg AG generated annual revenue of some € 15.5 billion in 2009. As the third-largest energy company in Germany, they focus on the electricity and gas business as well as energy and environmental services. EnBW committed to Baden-Württemberg and Germany as locations and these are the focal points of their activities. They also operate in other European markets.
Their mission is to provide e-mobility based on the power of renewable sources. Because of this, they invest a lot into the extension of the existing hydroelectric power plants and into new offshore wind parks.
This company and all the other partners of the regional project are going to present themselves in the former Mercedes Benz branch office in Stuttgart from July 2010 on - the new Centre for E-Mobility Stuttgart.
In the showroom of this centre, on nearly 1000m², companies, research institutes and other organisations present possibilities and opportunities for future mobility in urban city regions like the middle Neckar area and in particular Stuttgart. Unique in Germany, this permanent exhibition imparts knowledge of electric mobility in theory and praxis to a huge audience.
The visitors can get information and test on their own pedelecs and scooters on an extra parcour. The pedelecs add to the muscular strength with an electric motor and the scooters are electric driven.
This centre was organized by the company Stromrad together with other partners. The Mayor of Stuttgart, Dr. Wolfgang Schuster, opened the new showroom in the city centre on the Heilbronner Street on 23rd July, 2010.
The partners are working in different fields, e.g. battery technology (Robert Bosch GmbH, Siemens AG), power train technology (Siemens AG, Greening GmbH), car (Mercedes Benz, Porsche AG) or bike manufacturing (Elmoto ID-Bike GmbH), are traders of pedelecs and e-bikes (Stromrad GmbH & Co. KG), o rare responsible for infrastructure (Energie Baden-Württemberg AG EnBW AG, Stuttgarter Straßenbahnen AG).
"E-mobility is a component of the urban mobility and transport development concept with focus on public local traffic, bicycles and pedestrians" pointed mayor Schuster during his speech at the opening ceremony.
A big step forward to e-mobility in Stuttgart was done on July 4, 2010: Over 500 e-bikes of the type "Elmoto" where handed over to so-called "Elektronautes" for a large field test. People were approached through an online campaign, and more than 3,000 applied for this project. The chosen ones were well trained in handling the bikes. Manufacturer of the e-bike is ID-Bike GmbH in Stuttgart. At the start of the field test they already sold 350 Elmotos.
"Your journey to work, visiting friends, or simply cruising through the city - whatever you want is now emission free, cost-efficient and linked to a clear conscience for protecting the environment. And the showstopper: A full charge of the battery only costs around 70 cents (50 pence) and lasts for up to 70 km (45miles)."
ELMOTO - urban lifestyle mobility
For these bikes, no registration is needed, only insurance tag. It weighs only 45 kg with a powerful 1.7 kW hoisting/lifting engine (50 Nm). Together with the latest lithium-ion technology (48 V and 24Ah capacitance), a range up to 70 km is possible. It takes 4 hours to charge it up to 80 %, and 6 hours for 100 %.
Based on the results, EnBW is going to develop a tailored infrastructure, charging stations and accounting systems.
Meanwhile, more and more importers are tackling the german market. For example, power giant RWE of Germany and China's BYD have teamed to bring electrical cars to Germany, beginning with a trial fleet in 2011. A mass rollout in Germany and several other European markets is planned for 2012.
The deal with the Chinese company follows many agreements with other manufacturers, including France's Renault, Japan's Nissan and Daimler.
For more attend: Future of Electric Vehicles which uniquely covers the whole electric vehicle market - land, sea, air whether hybrid or pure EV - with emphasis on future breakthroughs.